E-journal of All India Association for Educational Research (EJAIAER)
VOL.20 Nos: 3 & 4 September & December, 2008
LITERACY WORK THROUGH NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME
Service Scheme is a programme run by government of
To make aware the undergraduate students the problem of illiteracy in
2. To encourage the undergraduates to undertake the project of literacy as ‘each one teach one’;
3. To guide them and to make them able to undertake the project;
4. To evaluate the output of the project.
undergraduate students registered in National Service Scheme, Vidyavati Mukand Lal (PG) College for Women,
METHOD AND PROCEDURE
study was conducted in following manner. Two essay competitions were organized
to focus on the problem of illiteracy. The topics were ‘Literacy: Why so Essential’ and ‘Ways to Solve the
Problem of Illiteracy’. After these competitions several aspects of problem of
illiteracy have been pointed out and ways to get rid of the problem were discussed
with the students of undergraduate classes. After this the volunteers were
asked to conduct a survey regarding the number of illiterate persons near the
locality in which they were residing. The volunteers prepared a list of
illiterate persons of their locality. The volunteers were encouraged to adopt
one illiterate child or adult and to teach.
As undergraduate students are not trained to teach any person,
Orientation Programme to teach the illiterates was provided to the volunteers.
The background of each case proposed by volunteers was discussed in depth and
way & techniques of teaching were discussed with the volunteers. Expert
help was taken from other teacher educators whenever required. Volunteers taught the illiterates from
Sep.2004 to Feb. 2005. The progress and
problems of each adopted person was discussed weekly and undergraduates were
further guided to continue the work. After the completion of the project each
adopted person was tested to judge the competency in three Rs i.e.
Problem faced by N.S.S. volunteers to take over the project:
Most of the volunteers faced the problem to convince the illiterate person or the guardian of illiterate child for starting the literacy programme. The irregularity in attendance of the illiterate person was also reported by many volunteers. Financial condition of the family of educationally adopted persons was also an obstacle in the literacy programme due to which the adopted child or persons has less time available for the programme. N.S.S. volunteers had to adjust the time according to the availability of the person/time schedule was very much irregular with these persons. Lack of retention was also reported by the volunteers in the beginning. Sometimes, volunteers had to face the criticism of the society and her family for this work.
Results Related to the attitudes of N.S.S. volunteers:
Most of the volunteers had taken the project as an assignment/ fun in the beginning but after they involved in the activity of teaching they started realizing the need to teach every person in the country. They realized the problems of illiterate persons while teaching. Volunteers realized the social economical problem of weaker section of the society, they also realized the problems of different professions as the adopted persons belongs to the families of truck-driver, Rikshaw-pullers, grocers, labourers, thela-pullers etc. during teaching them. Volunteers were very much conscious and crazily ready to help the families after taking the project. Need to make aware these families about proper nutrition and sanitation habits were felt by most of the volunteers.
Ways suggested by the volunteers to help such families
Some vocational training along with literacy programme should be provided to these people. Urgent need for making the families aware about health, nutrition, and sanitation was felt by the volunteers and they suggested organizing camps for this purpose. Awareness about right and duties of these persons were observed very less by the volunteers. They suggested that individual counselling or talk should be there with these persons. Volunteers suggested that the information about the deferent welfare schemes run by government, bank etc. should be provided to these families.
IMPLICATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS
The findings of the research can be used by policy planners. To provide the guidelines to programme-coordinators, programme officers to take over the project of national literacy. The principals and teachers can use the finding of this result for solving the problem of indiscipline as the students creating the problem may be encouraged to take the responsibility to educate one family. In this way the energy of students can be channelized, which would help to solve the problem of indiscipline. The findings of the research can be used by curriculum planner. This type of community extension programme of higher studies. The findings of the research can be used by voluntary organizations and NGO to utilize the calibre of youth for the purpose of upliftment of the community. Literacy along with craft programme may be developed and executed. Health and hygiene should be a part of these types of programmes. Government and bank schemes should be informed to all N.S.S. volunteers so that they will be able to help the families of weaker section.